ইংরাজি ভাষায় দুর্বল ছাত্রছাত্রীদের যদি জিজ্ঞাসা করা হয় ‘তোমার ইংরাজি ভাষায় দুর্বলতার কারণ কি?’, কমপক্ষে ৮০ শতাংশ ছাত্রছাত্রীর জবাব হবে ‘Tense-এ আমি খুব কাঁচা’।
বহু ছাত্রছাত্রীর কাছে ইংরাজিতে ‘Tense’ দুঃস্বপ্নের বিষয়। ইংরাজি ভাষায় সাধারণ ভুলগুলি নিয়ে চলছে ধারাবাহিক প্রবন্ধ। এই অন্তিম পর্বে লেখিকা ‘Tense’ এর কয়েকটি সাধারণ ভুল নিয়ে আলোচনা করেছেন। পাঠকদের মনে রাখতে হবে, ‘Tense’ একটি বিস্তৃত বিষয় । সঠিক প্রক্রিয়ায় নিয়মিত অভ্যাস করলে Tense-এর আতঙ্ক কাটিয়ে ওঠা খুব একটা কঠিন কাজ নয়।
THE USE OF WRONG TENSE
1. Using the past tense “did” instead of the infinitive without “to”
- To ask questions:
Wrong: Did you went to school yesterday?
Right: Did you go to school yesterday?
- To make negations:
Wrong: I did not went to school yesterday?
Right: I did not go to school yesterday.
2. Wrong sequence of Tenses
- When the verb in the principle clause is in the past tense, only a past tense can be used in subordinate clauses.
Wrong: He asked me what I am doing.
Right: He asked me what I was doing.
- Using “may” instead of “might” in a subordinate clause.
Wrong: He told me that he may come today.
Right: He told me that he might come today.
“May” changes to “might” in subordinate clauses, when the verb in the principal clause is in the past tense. Same applies for can and shall.
3. Using the past tense after an auxiliary verb, instead of the past participle.
Wrong: I have forgot to bring my book.
Right: I have forgotten to bring my book.
4. Using the present perfect instead of the past tense.
Wrong: I have seen a good film yesterday.
Right: I saw a good film yesterday.
5. Using the past tense instead of the present perfect.
Wrong: I saw the Parthenon of Athens.
Right: I have seen the Parthenon of Athens.
6. Using the past tense with a recent action, instead of the present perfect.
Wrong: The clock struck.
Right: The clock has struck.
7. Using the past tense instead of the past perfect.
Wrong: The train left before I arrived.
Right: The train had left before I arrived.
8. Using the present tense after “as if” or “as though” instead of the past.
Wrong: He talks as if he knows everything.
Right: He talks as if he knew everything.
9. Using the possessive form for things without life.
Wrong: His room’s window is open.
Right: The window of his room is open.
Knowledge of grammar and vocabulary both are essential for confident and fluent use of English language. Regularly read standard newspapers in English and as far as possible, use grammatically, logically, and meaningfully correct English. Throughout the centuries, the British Empire expanded and ruled over many different countries, including most of the ones just mentioned and many more. In many cases, the British forced the people they ruled over to speak English and some of these countries still speak English, even if it isn’t their main language.
For example, why do people in Ireland know English but barely speak the land’s original language, Gaelic? Because Britain ruled over Ireland for hundreds of years.