ইংরাজি – দ্বাদশ শ্রেণি – Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” – কবিতার কবি পরিচিতি
William Shakespeare was a renowned English poet, playwright, and actor born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon. His birthday is most commonly celebrated on 23 April (see When was Shakespeare born), which is also believed to be the date he died in 1616. Shakespeare was a prolific writer during the Elizabethan and Jacobean ages of British theatre (sometimes called the English Renaissance or the Early Modern Period). Shakespeare’s plays are perhaps his most enduring legacy, but they are not all he wrote. Shakespeare’s poems also remain popular to this day.
Shakespearean Sonnets are poems of expressive ideas and thoughts that are layered with multiple meanings, and always have two things in common-
• All sonnets have fourteen lines
• All sonnets are written in iambic pentameter ( A line of poetry written in iambic pentameter has five feet = five sets of stressed syllables and unstressed syllables
“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” – Summary
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day
Thou art more lovely and more temperate
The poem Sonnet 18 opens with a complimentary statement “Shall I Compare thee to Summer days?” Thee is the person whose beauty is being compared to a summer season as it is considered to be the paragon of seasonal calendar. He projects that the person is more “lovely” and “temperate” but the days of summer are like youth that is temporal and his physical beauty seems to fade away with the course of time. But the speaker in order to defeat the time hopes to eternalize his beauty within the lines of sonnet itself as it will stay immortal as long as the humanity survives in this world.
However Shakespeare reasons that his love and appreciation tends to exceed the extremities of summer season but doesn’t have an unpleasant end like summer season. He feels that summer’s beauty are often spoiled by the sudden gust of wind and often disheartens with it short-lived effect.
“Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer’s lease hath all too short a date”
Change is constant in people’s lives. Just like the summer sun lacks consistency with its heat and light leaving behind adverse effect on natural resources. Sometimes the sun shines too hot and sometimes its brightness is bedimmed. In the sonnet, the speaker suggests that the summer season will pass by very quickly and beauty, youth is temporal for people and it is short-lived, the people will grow old and their beauty will fade with the passing of time.
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm’d;
A contradiction between the sun light which is hot and the beauty of the man is temperate enhances the perfection of his beloved.
Though the weather fluctates, but his man’s beauty is constant.
Besides, all the power of the sun with heat, brilliant, color and life cannot be compared to the power and possessions of the young man. Everything on earth in this life is damaged by time and by the light of sun passing days, but, like the God, the man of Shakespeare is much greater.
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature’s changing course untrimm’d;
Like summer, everything has their limited time of perfection, then the beauty will gradually wither like flower and will finally die. Summer’s day or weather or life is unpredictable and tends to modulate. But the beauty of that young man is never dim, nor destroyed by the winds or sun, his beauty is untouched and immortal.
The perfection is absolute and forever like the God.
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st
Nor shall death brag thou wand’rest in his shade,
when in eternal lines to time thou grow’st
These Lines turn the argument to senescence. The speaker once again promised: Your eternal summer will not disappear, his lover will become eternal, remain fair, and even deceive death and time.
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Differently, the youth in Shakespeare is forever. No time or age can destroy it, and it is not the subject of time to measure. The youth in his man is long lasting and immortal.
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
By comparing the beauty and youth to a summer’s day, Shakespeare signifies the inadequate balance and idealizes his ideal young man as godlike who is totally flawless. The summer now becomes endless and no time or age can measure. He believes as long as his verse would be read, these eternal lines would commemorate the beauty of his friend.
এই লেখাটির সর্বস্বত্ব সংরক্ষিত। বিনা অনুমতিতে এই লেখা, অডিও, ভিডিও বা অন্য ভাবে কোন মাধ্যমে প্রকাশ করলে তার বিরুদ্ধে আইনানুগ ব্যবস্থা নেওয়া হবে।
এই লেখাটি থেকে উপকৃত হলে সবার সাথে শেয়ার করার অনুরোধ রইল।
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